Below is a verbatim transcript of what the deed actually says. I note here that one statement in the deed specifies: “…We also believe in the resurrection of the body at the judgment of the great day of the Lord, and in the eternal life of the righteous and the eternal death of the wicked...”
That the remains of those who have come before us are of importance in God’s plan seems evident. The iwi kupuna are awaiting the “judgment of the great day” when as the Lord said in John Chapter 5, Verses 28-29:
"Marvel not at this; for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.”
"Don't be so surprised! Indeed the time is coming when all the dead in their graves shall hear the voice of God’s Son, and shall rise again—those who have done good, to eternal life; and those who have continued in evil to judgment.”
What does this mean when the graves have been desecrated?
A Deed of Conveyance of the Stone House of Worship situate at Kawaiahao, in Honolulu.
We (two) Kamehameha III, the Sovereign of these Hawaiian Islands and Kekauluohi the Kuhinanui of the Kingdom, do hereby this day convey the Stone Church (edifice) standing at Kawaiahao in the City of Honolulu unto the members of the church (society) all of them who together with us built this house and contributed their property to this good work: To hold this house unto themselves forever, and to those further of like doctrine with them in the righteousness of God, and worshiping God within this house in like manner with this body of church members in time to come, but those people whose form of worship and whose doctrine are unlike those of this ecclesiastical body have, no estate in this house and in these premises.
In order to shew the [page 1] nature of the doctrine believed by this church and in order that after generations may not mistake in this respect it is proper to commit to the custody of writing, in this instrument the principal matter of belief of this Church, as follows. Will believe in Jehovah, that he is God, that He had no beginning, that He will have no end and that He will suffer no change, that He is not indeed visible to the bodily eye, but that He dwelleth everywhere that He knoweth all things, that He is all powerful, all wise, and righteous altogether, that He possesses every glory and every good, that He created the earth and the heavens, and men and angels, both this world and the world to come and all things that are therein, that He continues and protects all things according to His own pleasure that he alone is God, and that all other things whatsoever which may be called god are vanity and the work of falsehood [page 2] it absorbeth sin and justifieth to eternal life all the righteous who believe in Him – that there is no other name given under heaven among men whereby we may be Saved. That He is the King of Zion, that His is all power in heaven and on earth, and that he will be the Judge of quick and dead.
We also believe in the Holy Spirit that it is the Spirit of God, that it testified to men of their sin, and convinces them of the righteousness and holiness of God, and prepares them for eternal life in heaven.
We also believe that God has a church on earth, and that his purpose is to establish it firmly among all nations and to make it glorious forever, and that He desires that all who have been born again by the good word of the Lord should make themselves members of His church and should walk together before Him with holy heart in all his laws and [page 3]
We further believe that the Holy Scriptures both the Old Testament and the New Testament, is the word of God, that it is true, that it is holy, and that it is the only guide to true doctrine and the right service of God.
We further believe that man was made in the likeness of God, that he was pure and happy and that he has fallen into transgression, and therefore that of his own human nature all men of every generation are in sin and death.
We also believe that God of His own love alone promised to give a Savior unto life, and that according to such promise He sent here to this world His Son, to be born of woman in the likeness of man.
We also believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, that He is the Son of God, that He died on the cross as an atonement for our sins, and also for the sins of the whole world, that there is abundant life in His blood, that [page 4] ordinances which He has commanded.
We also believe in the resurrection of the body at the judgment of the great day of the Lord, and in the eternal life of the righteous and the eternal death of the wicked.
It is also hereby provided — all religious sects whose doctrine is different from that which is set forth in this instrument, to wit. those who worship images and those who worship God by means of images, all who are of the denomination of the Pope, those who deny Jehovah, and who deny the Trinity of God, those who deny that Jesus Christ is God and that the Holy Spirit is God, those who deny the eternal death of the wicked and the eternal life of the righteous, those who prevent the Holy scripture by taken a part away and by adding a part away and by adding a part to the word and the attributes of God, these have no estate in this Church and in this Lot.
We hereby make over this [page 5] house and this lot with all its appurtenances unto those who shall in truth preserve the doctrine in the instrument above written and not to them who think otherwise.
And We hereunto set our names and our Seal at Honolulu Oahu, in these Hawaiian Islands this twenty first day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty two…
Witness to the Signature
I. Kekaulahao [page 6]
Copied on Hawaii State Archives public copier – Translation Original translation in Safe
Aloha -- We don't have a lot on Kawaiaha‘o as we’ve never done a comprehensive ethnographic study of the area. There’s the information we pulled together from Native and Foreign newspapers (www.kumupono.com) and then a few things like those below. The excel file is a list from our Māhele ‘Āina data base. It includes many (if not all) the claims made for kuleana in the ‘ili of Kawaiaha‘o as a part of the Māhele. The references to NR (Native Register), NT (Native Testimony) etc. include descriptions of the ‘āina based on kama‘āina knowledge to the period prior to western intrusio
John Papa Ii (ca. 1810-1820s) Recalls Kawaiaha‘o
Before the drilling started, a proclamation was sent to the women of the court to fetch and spread grass on the field early in the morning. This proclamation required all the women who served in the court, chiefesses of lesser rank and notables, to fetch grass from Kawaiahao. When Ii’s female relatives (kaikuahine) went to pull grass at the designated place, the boy accompanied them. Absorbed in pulling grass, they forgot about the boy, assuming he had gone home. When they left he was sitting among the makaloa sedges growing all around him, busily occupied in building a house of coconut midribs. He had no inkling that he was going to encounter trouble until he heard a voice say, “Here is the boy who runs away from you.
When Ii glanced up he saw Liholiho and the person who carried his possessions. Right then his peace of mind left him, because he realized that he was going to be beaten and might even die as a result. After he had been beaten for some time, the person who carried the possessions of the chief said, “Do not give such a cruel beating to the servant who will be your follower when he grows up. (1959:54)
Our description of the trails of the royal town is finished, but we have not yet told of the trails going to lower Waikiki, Kamoiluli, and Manoa. A trail led out of the town at the south side of the coconut grove of Honuakaha and went on to Kalia. From Kalia it ran eastward along the borders of the fish ponds and met the trail from lower Waikiki. At Kawaiahao a trail passed in front of the stone house of Kaina, late father of Kikaha. The trail went above Kalanipuu’s place, along the stream running down from Poopoo to the sea, close by Kaaihee in Makiki, to Puu o Manoa, then below Puupueo, where a trail branched off to go to upper Kaaipu and Kahoiwai, and another to go below Kaahulue, to Kapulena and Kolowalu.
The trail from Kawaiahao which led to lower Waikiki went along Kaananiau, into the coconut grove at Pawaa, the coconut grove of Kuakuaka, then down to Piinaio; along the upper side of Kahanaumaikai’s coconut grove, along the border of Kaihikapu pond, into Kawehewehe; then through the center of Helumoa of Puaaliilii, down to the mouth of the Apuakehau stream; along the sandy beach of Ulukou to Kapuni, where the surfs roll in; thence to the stream of Kuekaunahi; to Waiaula and to Paluki, Kamanawa’s house site. The latter was named for the Paluki in Punahoa, Hilo. Perhaps that was where Kamanawa lived when the king resided in Hilo during the battle called Puana, prior to the building of the great peleleu fleet… (1959:92)
Honolulu and Environs in 1840-1841:
United States Exploring Expedition
In 1840 and 1841, Commander Charles Wilkes of the United States Exploring Expedition, toured the Hawaiian Islands (Wilkes 1845, Vol. IV; reprint 1970)…
Graves Situated in the Kawaiahao Vicinity
In the neighbourhood of the old churches, near the mission, is the burying-ground, which is a mere common, and the graves are exposed to every kind of neglect. Foreigners, as well as natives, are buried here. The only grave that was pointed out to me was that of Douglas, the botanist, which was without any inscription whatever. He was gored to death, on Hawaii, having fallen into one of the cattle-pits, where a wild bull had been entrapped. The skull of the bull was lying in the yard of an inhabitant of Honolulu. It is to be hoped that when the new church shall be finished, the space which adjoins it will claim from the authorities some attention, and be suitably enclosed. [page 54]
Privy Council August 29 1853
Hooholoia; E haawiia ka palapala ano alodio ia Puhikakaino no kona kuleana i heluia 10.811 ma Kawaiahao, Honolulu, he umi dala ke kumu kuai ($10.-)…
Hooholoia; E haawiia ka palapala ano alodio ia Kamahiai no kona, kuleana i heluia 195 ma Kawaiahao, i Honolulu, he umi dala ka uku ($10.-)
Heluheluia ka palapala a Puiwa
August 8, 1868 (aoao 4)
He wahi huakai makaikai ma ka aoao Komohana Akau Oahu
E Ka Nupepa Kuokoa;—Aloha Oe.
Ua hala mai ke kula, a ke hoea mai la ka halelaau kiekie o J. Kahai ma ke Ahupuaa a Ili paha o Pahoa, ma keia aoao o Kaupapaloi, (aoao hema,) he mau uapo nui elua e halii hope mai ia oe, a loaa aku ke ahua maloo i noho mauia e na pohaku iliili, a nolaila paha kona inoa hanohano Kamoiliili, he halepule nui malaila e ku ana no ka ekalesia e pili ana me Kawaiahao, ua maalo ae kona helehelena ma ko'u lima hema, a he mau kauhale laau, a hale pili e ae no kekahi no na kamaaina oia wahi. Ua hala ihope lakou a pau, hoea mai ana he wahi haalu kaulana, oia hoi o Kaluaohau, a he uapo pohaku aku i hanaia mawaena o ka loko pohopoho, a pae ma kela aoao, he kula papaakea aku o Kapaakea no kona inoa, a hala ihope ia mau wahi.
Waikiki-Waena (Middle Waikiki).
Passing the flat land I arrived at the wooden house of J. Kahai in the Ahupuaa or perhaps ili of Pahoa, on this side of Kaupapaloi, (south side) where two large bridges are set behind you, and you arrive at the dry hillock where are found the little stones. That is perhaps how it came to be called by the distinguished name of Kamoiliili. There is a large church found there which is associated with Kawaiahao. I passed it on my left side and there are some wooden houses and thatch houses belonging to the natives of that place. Leaving them behind I arrived at the famous hollow (low area in the land), which is Kaluaohau, and there is a stone bridge made between the ponds and the side where is the coral plains known by the name, Kapaakea. Then I passed those places.
Ka Lahui Hawaii, Nov. 26, 1875
Lunalilo (Removal from Mauna Ala to Kawaiahao. Describes the thunder storm that attended it)
Kepakemapa 26, 1896 (aoao 5)
Ke Aloha Aina
Na wahi pana a kaulana o Honolulu, Oahu nei,
i uhiia i ka lepo a nalowale loa hoi i keia au hou.
(Kakau ia no Ke Aloha Aina.)
1. – O ka Halepule o Kawaiahao e ku nei ma ke kulanakauhale o Honolulu Oahu nei, ua kapa ia kona inoa ma kekahi Punawai a kekahi Alii i eli ai, a lilo i pomaikai no na makaainana, a o ua Punawai la, ua uhi hou ia i ka lepo a nalowale i keia au hou. O Hao ka inoa.
2. – O Mililani, oia ka pa e hoopuni nei i ka Hale Aupuni, kahi e ku nei ke kua hoomanao o ka Liona o ka Pakipika, ka Na‘i Aupuni Kaulana, Kamehameha I, kahi i ku a kekahi hale kula a me ka hale o Ioane Ii i make, a kahu hanai o ke Kama‘liiwahine Kiekie Kiheahealani Kamamalu II i make, a oia ka mea i kapaia ai o ka inoa o ia wahi o Mililani. Ua loli ae kona kulana mua i keia wa a me kona inoa.
3. – O Pohukaina, oia kahi ma ka aoao ma Waikiki o ka pa o ka Hale Alii e ku nei, i oki ia e ke Alanui Likelike. No ke Aliiwahine Kekauluohi keia wahi, a he Ilina keia no na Alii make, a make o Kauikeaouli, Kamehameha III, ua hoihoi ia na Alii make a pau iuka o Maunaala, a ua kapaia ka inoa o keia wahi ma ka inoa o kekahi lua huna o na Alii make o Oahu nei, o Pohukaina, a ke o nei no ia inoa nae na Hale kula e ku nei, a ua loli ae no kona ano mua i keia wa…
1. The Church of Kawaiahao stands there in the City of Honolulu, Oahu. Its name is from a Spring that was dug by a chief, and which became a blessing/benefit to the people of the land. The spring has now been buried again under the soil and it is lost to this new era. The name was Hao.
2. – Mililani. This was the lot that encircled the Government House, the place where stands the statute to the Lion of the Pacific, the famous conqueror of the nation, Kamehameha I. It is the place where stood a school house and the house of the late John Ii, the guardian of the late high chiefess, Kiheahealani Kamamalu, and that is how the place came to be called Mililani. Its appearance and name have changed at this time.
3. – Pohukaina, is the place on the Waikiki side of the Palace, and cut by Likelike Street. This place was for Chiefess Kekauluohi, and it was burial place of the chiefs. When Kauikeaouli died, Kamehameha III, all the chiefs were moved up to Maunaala. The name of this place was given from an hidden cave of the deceased chiefs of Oahu. The name Pohukaina is now spoken as the name of the school buildings that are nearby, and its nature is changed from earlier times.
Ke Au Hou May 17, 1911
“Ke Kumu i Loaa ai ka Inoa o Kawaiahao” A history of the source of the name “The Water of Hao”. Tells of the Chiefess Hao, her use of the pool, and states another name for the location is “Ka Punawai a Hao”.
Ka Hoku o Hawaii March 24, 1931
“Ke Kumu i Loa’a ai ka Inoa o Kawaiaha’o” A history of the source of the name “The Water of Ha’o”. Tells of the Chiefess Ha’o, her use of the pool, and states another name for the location is “Ka Punawai a Ha’o”.
Ka Hoku o Hawaii July 2. 1941
“He Ka’ao no Pumaia” A Legend of O’ahu - place name references: Puko’ula (near Kawaiaha’o) Kewalo uka, Pawa’a, Ka-wai-o-’alekoki, Ma’ema’e, and Nu’uanu etc.; (reference: Fornander Col. 4: 470-477).
Ka Hoku o Hawaii September 10, 1941
No Kawaiaha’o” - an account of Kawaiaha’o Church.